Preeclampsia: Checkups and Monitoring

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Preeclampsia is usually found during regular prenatal checkups. That's one reason it's important to go to all of your prenatal visits. Tests are done at each visit to check for preeclampsia, including:

  • Blood pressure reading.

    Blood pressure is always watched closely during pregnancy.

  • Weight measurement.

    Rapid weight gain can be a sign of preeclampsia.

If you're at high risk for preeclampsia, you may also have other tests, including:

  • Urine tests.

    Too much protein in the urine can be a sign of kidney damage caused by preeclampsia.

  • Blood tests.

    These may be done to check for problems such as HELLP syndrome and kidney damage.

Follow-up testing

If tests suggest that you have preeclampsia, you'll be carefully checked for the rest of your pregnancy. Your baby's health also will be closely watched. The more severe your preeclampsia is, the more often you'll need testing. This might range from once a week to daily.

At prenatal visits, you may have a physical exam to check for signs that preeclampsia is getting worse. You may also have urine tests and blood tests to check for blood problems and kidney damage.

Tests to check on your baby may include:

  • Fetal heart monitoring to record your baby's heart rate.
  • Fetal ultrasound to check the baby, the placenta, and the amount of amniotic fluid.
  • Doppler ultrasound to see how well the placenta is working.

Related Information


Current as of: November 9, 2022

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Sarah Marshall MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
William Gilbert MD - Maternal and Fetal Medicine

The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.