Tubal ligation icon
Tubal ligation 
  • 99% effective
  • Permanent
  • Performed by a provider
  • No hormones
  • No STI/STD protection
  • Surgical procedure

  

What is it?
  • Tubal ligation, or female sterilization, is a surgical procedure that permanently prevents you from getting pregnant. It’s also known as “getting your tubes tied.”

  • It’s a safe procedure with a low rate of side effects.

  • Tubal ligation doesn’t protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs/STDs), including HIV.
  • Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure, where a doctor permanently closes or blocks your fallopian tubes. 

  • When the fallopian tubes are blocked, sperm can’t get to an egg and cause pregnancy. 
  • You can get tubal ligation at your medical facility. 
  • In the United States, the average cost of a tubal ligation procedure is $6,000. The cost may vary depending on where you live.

  • Kaiser Permanente members may be able to get a tubal ligation at low or no cost.1
  • Tubal ligation is a one-time procedure that is considered permanent. 

  • It’s usually done through small incisions in the belly. You’ll need either epidural, spinal, or general anesthesia, and it may require a hospital stay. 

  • Recovery can take about a week, and you won’t be able to have sex for up to 2 weeks.

  • Tubal ligation doesn’t cause menopause — you’ll still get your period.

  • You should only get tubal ligation if you’re positive you don’t ever want to get pregnant in the future.
  • Tubal ligation is a permanent birth control method. It’s 99% effective.
     
  • There’s no regular maintenance and side effects are rare.

  • You don’t have to tell anyone you got a tubal ligation.
  • Tubal ligation doesn’t protect against STIs/STDs, including HIV. You should still use condoms to protect yourself.

  • There may be changes in your period. This may include changes in period flow, number of cycle days, or pain during periods.

  • It’s a permanent procedure, so you can’t change your mind after it’s done.

  • All surgical procedures have some risks. It’s best to talk to your doctor about these risks and what to expect during and after surgery.

  

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© 2019 Kaiser Permanente

1Costs are dependent on your policy terms. For questions about your coverage, please call Member Services or view your benefit coverage documents.

2"Sterilization," Planned Parenthood, PlannedParenthood.org/learn/birth-control/sterilization/how-effective-tubal-ligation, accessed August 13, 2019.