What does the male reproductive system do?
The male reproductive system makes sperm and delivers it out of the body. It allows a man to have sex and father children.
This system is made up of:
- The penis.
- Testicles. This is where sperm is made.
- The scrotum. This is a sac at the base of the penis that holds the testicles.
- Epididymides. This is where the sperm mature.
- Seminal vesicles and the prostate gland. They make the liquid semen that carries the sperm.
- The vas deferens tubes. These carry semen to the urethra and out of the penis during sex.
What problems can happen with the reproductive system?
Problems may include:
- Injuries to the genitals. This could happen when you play sports, do other activities, or take a fall.
- Infections of the testicle (orchitis), epididymis (epididymitis), prostate gland (prostatitis), or other areas.
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). These include chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, and gonorrhea.
- Sperm problems. They could cause you to be infertile.
- Erection problems (impotence or erectile dysfunction).
- Torsion of a testicle. This emergency happens when a testicle twists in the scrotum. The twisting can cut off its blood supply.
- Cancer of the testicle, penis, or prostate.
How can you prevent reproductive system problems?
- If you play contact sports, make sure to wear a cup or other protection for your genitals.
- Having one sex partner (who does not have STIs and does not have sex with anyone else) is a good way to avoid STIs.
- Do not smoke. Smoking can lower your overall sexual health. If you need help quitting, talk to your doctor about stop-smoking programs and medicines. These can increase your chances of quitting for good.