Exposure of Child to Blood and Body Fluids: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

If your child is accidentally exposed to another person's body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, or vomit, it can be scary. Your doctor will work with you to help your child stay healthy.

The biggest concern is getting a disease. Your child may need repeated tests to check for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV infection. Your child may need other tests too. The first tests may not show any infection. But the doctor will need them to compare with later tests.

Be sure to talk with the doctor about follow-up tests. Your child may need tests at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and maybe at 9 months. It takes this long for some diseases to show up on tests.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • Clean the area as instructed by your doctor.
  • Be safe with medicines. If your doctor prescribed medicine to protect your child from disease, have your child take it exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think your child is having a problem with his or her medicine.

When should you call for help?

Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • Your child has symptoms of infection, such as:
    • Increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness.
    • Red streaks leading from the area.
    • Pus draining from the area.
    • A fever.
  • Your child has new symptoms, such as belly pain or fatigue.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.