Exercise During Pregnancy: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Exercise is good for healthy pregnant women. It can relieve back pain, swelling, and other discomforts of pregnancy. It also prepares your muscles for childbirth. And exercise can improve your energy level and help you sleep better.

If your doctor recommends it, get more exercise. Walking is a good choice. Bit by bit, increase the amount you walk every day. Try for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week. But if you do not already exercise, be sure to talk with your doctor before you start a new exercise program. Try exercise classes for pregnant women. Doctors do not recommend contact sports during pregnancy.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Talk with your doctor about the right kind of exercise for each stage of pregnancy.
  • Listen to your body to know if your exercise is at a safe level.
    • Do not become overheated while you exercise. High body temperature can be harmful to your baby. Avoid activities that can make your body too hot.
    • If you feel tired, take it easy. You might walk instead of run.
    • If you are used to strenuous exercise, pay attention to changes in your body that mean it is time to slow down.
  • If you exercised before getting pregnant, you should be able to keep up your routine early in your pregnancy. That might include running and aerobics. Later, you may want to switch to swimming or walking.
  • Eat a small snack or drink juice 15 to 30 minutes before you exercise.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Make sure it includes plenty of beans, peas, and leafy green vegetables. You may need to increase how much you eat to get extra energy for exercise.
  • Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after exercise.
  • Avoid contact sports, such as soccer and basketball. Also avoid scuba diving, exercise in high altitude (above 6,000 feet), and horseback riding.
  • Do not get overtired while you exercise. You should be able to talk while you work out.
  • After your fourth month of pregnancy, avoid exercises (such as sit-ups and some yoga poses) that require you to lie flat on your back on a hard surface.
  • Try swimming and brisk walking during all your pregnancy.
  • Get plenty of rest. You may be very tired while you are pregnant.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.