Certain needs, fears, family dynamics, and ways of communicating, thinking, and feeling put a person at greater risk of developing an eating disorder such as anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating. Some of these include:
- A need for attention.
- A need to please others, be in control, or be perfect.
- Low self-esteem.
- Fear or ambivalence about growing up or developing sexually.
- Difficulty dealing with conflict or communicating anger, sadness, or fear.
- Problems with family relationships, including trouble separating from the family.
However irrational, an eating disorder brings a sense of identity, achievement, and power to certain people who have these personality traits.
A small number of people who have eating disorders also have been sexually or physically abused. They may seek to control their environment by controlling their food intake.
People who have eating disorders may also:
- Have problems with moods, particularly depression.
- Act more childish than other children or teens who are the same age.
- Have difficulty getting along with other people, because of either irritability or an inability to interact socially.
- Have rituals or require that things be done in a particular order every time (obsessive-compulsive traits).
Current as of: January 31, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
W. Stewart Agras MD, FRCPC - Psychiatry