- Tubal ligation, or female sterilization, is a surgical procedure that permanently prevents you from getting pregnant. It’s also known as “getting your tubes tied.”
- It’s a safe procedure with a low rate of side effects.
- Tubal ligation doesn’t protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs/STDs), including HIV.
- 99% effective
- Performed by a provider
- No hormones
- No STI/STD protection
- Surgical procedure
- Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure, where a doctor permanently closes or blocks your fallopian tubes.
- When the fallopian tubes are blocked, sperm can’t get to an egg and cause pregnancy.
- You can get tubal ligation at your medical facility.
- Tubal ligation is a one-time procedure that is considered permanent.
- It’s usually done through small incisions in the belly. You’ll need either epidural, spinal, or general anesthesia, and it may require a hospital stay.
- Recovery can take about a week, and you won’t be able to have sex for up to 2 weeks.
- Tubal ligation doesn’t cause menopause — you’ll still get your period.
- You should only get tubal ligation if you’re positive you don’t ever want to get pregnant in the future.
- Tubal ligation is a permanent birth control method. It’s 99% effective.*
- There’s no regular maintenance and side effects are rare.
- You don’t have to tell anyone you got a tubal ligation.
- Tubal ligation doesn’t protect against STIs/STDs, including HIV. You should still use condoms to protect yourself.
- There may be changes in your period. This may include changes in period flow, number of cycle days, or pain during periods.
- It’s a permanent procedure, so you can’t change your mind after it’s done.
- All surgical procedures have some risks. It’s best to talk to your doctor about these risks and what to expect during and after surgery.
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*"Sterilization," Planned Parenthood, PlannedParenthood.org/learn/birth-control/sterilization/how-effective-tubal-ligation, accessed August 13, 2019.