Notice of Privacy Practices
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Notice of Privacy Practices
KAISER PERMANENTE—MID-ATLANTIC STATES
THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION.
PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY.
In this notice we use the terms "we," "us," and "our" to describe Kaiser Permanente—Mid-Atlantic States. For more details, please refer to section IV of this notice.
I. WHAT IS "PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION"?
Your protected health information (PHI) is individually identifiable health information, including demographic information, about your past, present or future physical or mental health or condition, health care services you receive, and past, present or future payment for your health care. Demographic information means information such as your name, social security number, address, and date of birth.
PHI may be in oral, written, or electronic form. Examples of PHI include your medical record, claims record, enrollment or disenrollment information, and communications between you and your health care provider about your care.
Your individually identifiable health information ceases to be PHI 50 years after your death.
If you are a Kaiser Foundation Health Plan member and also an employee of any Kaiser Permanente company, PHI does not include the health information in your employment records.
II. ABOUT OUR RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT YOUR PHI
By law, we must
- protect the privacy of your PHI;
- tell you about your rights and our legal duties with respect to your PHI;
- notify you if there is a breach of your unsecured PHI; and
- tell you about our privacy practices and follow our notice currently in effect.
We take these responsibilities seriously and, have put in place administrative safeguards (such as security awareness training and policies and procedures), technical safeguards (such as encryption and passwords), and physical safeguards (such as locked areas and requiring badges) to protect your PHI. As in the past, we will continue to take appropriate steps to safeguard the privacy of your oral, written, and electronic PHI.
III. YOUR RIGHTS REGARDING YOUR PHI
This section tells you about your rights regarding your PHI, and describes how you can exercise these rights.
Your right to access and amend your PHI
Subject to certain exceptions, you have the right to view or get a copy of your PHI that we maintain in records relating to your care or decisions about your care or payment for your care. Requests must be in writing.
After we receive your written request, we will let you know when and how you can see or obtain a copy of your record. If you agree, we will give you a summary or explanation of your PHI instead of providing copies. We may charge you a fee for the copies, summary or explanation.
If we don't have the record you asked for but we know who does, we will tell you who to contact to request it. In limited situations, we may deny some or all of your request to see or receive copies of your records, but if we do, we will tell you why in writing and explain your right, if any to have our denial reviewed.
If you believe there is a mistake in your PHI or that important information is missing, you may request that we correct or add to the record. Please write to us and tell us what you are asking for and why we should make the correction or addition. Please write to us as described above in the section entitled "Your right to see and receive copies of your PHI." We will respond in writing after receiving your request. If we approve your request, we will make the correction or addition to your PHI. If we deny your request, we will tell you why and explain your right to file a written statement of disagreement.
Submit all written requests for access or amendments to us at Kaiser Permanente Burke Medical Center Health Information Management Services, 5999 Burke Commons Road, 1st Floor, Burke, Virginia 22015.
Your right to choose how we send PHI to you or someone else
You may ask us to send your PHI to you at a different address (for example, your work
address) or by different means (for example, fax instead of regular mail).
If your PHI is stored electronically, you may request a copy of the records in an electronic format offered by Kaiser Permanente. You may also make a specific written request to Kaiser Permanente to transmit the electronic copy to a designated third party.
If the cost of meeting your request involves more than a reasonable additional amount, we are permitted to charge you our costs that exceed that amount.
Your right to an accounting of disclosures of PHI
You may ask us for a list of our disclosures of your PHI. Write to us at Kaiser Permanente, Burke Medical Center Health Information Management Services, 5999 Burke Commons Road, 1st Floor, Burke, Virginia 22015. You are entitled to one disclosure accounting in any 12-month period at no charge. If you request any additional accountings less than 12 months later, we may charge a fee.
An accounting does not include certain disclosures, for example, disclosures
Your right to request limits on uses and disclosures of your PHI
You may request that we limit our uses and disclosures of your PHI for treatment, payment, and health care operations purposes. We will review and consider your request. You may write to us at Kaiser Permanente, Burke Medical Center Health Information Management Services, 5999 Burke Commons Road, 1st Floor, Burke, Virginia 22015, for consideration of your request.
We are not required to agree to your request, except to the extent that you request a restriction on disclosures to a health plan or insurer for payment or health care operations purposes and the items or services have been paid for out of pocket in full. However, we can still disclose the information to a health plan or insurer for the purpose of treating you. For requests to restrict your PHI for payment or health care operations purposes, please request the restriction prior to receiving services at the Kaiser Permanente facility or medical office where you receive your care.
If the services are not paid for in full and out of pocket by you or by someone on your behalf, we do not have to agree to your request to restrict uses or disclosures of PHI for health care operations, payment or treatment purposes. We will consider all submitted requests and, if we deny your request, we will notify you in writing.
Your right to receive a paper copy of this notice
You have a right to receive a paper copy of this notice upon request.
IV. KAISER PERMANENTE COMPANIES SUBJECT TO THIS NOTICE
This notice applies to the Kaiser Permanente-Mid-Atlantic States, which includes:
- The Mid-Atlantic Permanente Medical Group (MAPMG),
- Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of the Mid-Atlantic States, Inc. including its health plan and provider operations,
- Kaiser Foundation Hospitals (KFH), as discussed below, and
- Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. (KFHP, Inc.), as discussed below.
Our health care delivery sites include the Kaiser Permanente medical offices, Kaiser Permanente ambulatory surgery centers, imaging centers, member call advice and appointment centers and our member Web site and mobile applications.
To provide you with the health care you expect, to treat you, to pay for your care and to conduct our operations, such as quality assurance, accreditation, licensing and compliance, these Kaiser Permanente companies share your PHI with each other.
Our personnel may have access to your PHI either as employees, professional staff members of KFH facilities and others authorized to enter information in a KFH facility medical record, volunteers, or persons working with us in other capacities. Our region may share your PHI with KFH and KFHP, Inc., in connection with shared services and other national Kaiser Permanente activities for treatment, payment, or health care operations purposes. For example, if you are being considered for a transplant, we will share your PHI with our Kaiser Permanente National Transplant Network.
V. HOW WE MAY USE AND DISCLOSE YOUR PHI
Your confidentiality is important to us. Our physicians and employees are required to maintain the confidentiality of the PHI of our members and patients and we have policies and procedures and other safeguards to help protect your PHI from improper use and disclosure. Sometimes we are allowed by law to use and disclose certain PHI without your written permission. We briefly describe these uses and disclosures below and give you some examples.
How much PHI is used or disclosed without your written permission will vary depending, for example, on the intended purpose of the use or disclosure. Sometimes we may only need to use or disclose a limited amount of PHI, such as to send you an appointment reminder or to confirm that you are a health plan member. At other times, we may need to use or disclose more PHI such as when we are providing medical treatment.
- Treatment: This is the most important use and disclosure of your PHI. For example, our physicians, nurses, and other health care personnel, including trainees, involved in your care use and disclose your PHI to diagnose your condition and evaluate your health care needs. Our personnel will use and disclose your PHI in order to provide and coordinate the care and services you need: for example, prescriptions, X-rays, and lab work. If you need care from health care providers who are not part of Kaiser Permanente, such as community resources to assist with your health care needs at home, we may disclose your PHI to them.
- Payment: Your PHI may be needed to determine our responsibility to pay for, or to permit us to bill and collect payment for, treatment and health-related services that you receive. For example, we may have an obligation to pay for health care you receive from an outside provider. When you or the provider sends us the bill for health care services, we use and disclose your PHI to determine how much, if any, of the bill we are responsible for paying.
- Health care operations: We may use and disclose your PHI for certain health care operations, for example, quality assessment and improvement, training and evaluation of health care professionals, licensing, accreditation, and determining premiums and other costs of providing health care, and preventing criminal activity, fraud, or misrepresentation.
- Business associates: We may contract with business associates to perform certain functions or activities on our behalf, such as payment and health care operations. These business associates must agree to safeguard your PHI.
- Appointment reminders: We may use your PHI to contact you about appointments for treatment or other health care you may need.
- Identity verification: We may photograph you for identification purposes, storing the photo in your medical record. This is for your protection and safety, but you may opt out.
- Health Information Exchange: We may share your health information electronically with other organizations through a Health Information Exchange (HIE) network. These other organizations may include hospitals, laboratories, health care providers, public health departments, health plans, and other participants. Kaiser Permanente operates an HIE network among Kaiser Permanente regions, and also participates in several HIE networks with other health care providers outside of Kaiser Permanente who also have electronic medical record systems. Sharing information electronically is a faster way to get your health information to the health care providers treating you. For example, if you go to a hospital emergency room that participates in the same HIE network as Kaiser Permanente, the emergency room physicians would be able to access your Kaiser Permanente health information to help make treatment decisions for you. HIE participants like Kaiser Permanente are required to meet rules that protect the privacy and security of your health and personal information. You can choose not to have your information shared through any of our HIE networks (that is, “opt out”) at any time. You may do this by contacting Kaiser Permanente Member Services, 2101 East Jefferson Street, Rockville, Maryland 20852. Member Services: (301) 468-6000, 1-800-777-7902 (Toll free outside the Washington metro calling area), TTY (301) 879-6380. If you opt out, the health care providers treating you could call Kaiser Permanente to ask that your health information be provided in another way, such as by fax, instead of accessing the information through the HIE network.
- Specific types of PHI: There are stricter requirements for use and disclosure of some types of PHI, for example, drug and alcohol abuse patient information, HIV tests, and mental health information. However, there are still circumstances in which these types of information may be used or disclosed without your authorization. If you become a patient in our chemical dependency program, we will give you a separate written notice, as required by law, about your privacy rights for your chemical dependency program PHI.
- Underwriting: We may use and disclose your PHI, to the extent permitted under applicable law, for underwriting purposes, including the determination of benefit eligibility and costs of coverage and to perform other activities related to issuing a benefit policy. However, we are prohibited from using or disclosing your genetic information for underwriting purposes. Your genetic information includes information about your genetic tests, your family members’ genetic tests, and requests for or receipt of genetic services by you or any family members.
- Communications with family and others when you are present: Sometimes a family member or other person involved in your care will be present when we are discussing your PHI with you. If you object, please tell us and we won't discuss your PHI or we will ask the person to leave.
- Communications with family and others when you are not present: There may be times when it is necessary to disclose your PHI to a family member or other person involved in your care because there is an emergency, you are not present, or you lack the decision making capacity to agree or object. In those instances, we will use our professional judgment to determine if it's in your best interest to disclose your PHI. If so, we will limit the disclosure to the PHI that is directly relevant to the person's involvement with your health care. For example, we may allow someone to pick up a prescription for you.
- Disclosure in case of disaster relief: We may disclose your name, city of residence, age, gender, and general condition to a public or private disaster relief organization to assist disaster relief efforts, unless you object at the time.
- Disclosures to parents as personal representatives of minors: In most cases, we may disclose your minor child's PHI to you. In some situations, however, we are permitted or even required by law to deny your access to your minor child's PHI. An example of when we must deny such access is when your child seeks advice about family planning or treatment for sexually transmissible diseases.
- Facility directories: When you are a patient in one of our facilities, we may create a directory that includes your name, room location and your general condition. This information may be disclosed to a person who asks for you by name. In addition, we may provide your religious affiliation, if any, to clergy. You may object to the use or disclosure of some or all of this information. If you do, we will not disclose it to visitors and other members of the public.
- Research: Kaiser Permanente engages in extensive and important research. Some of our research may involve medical procedures and some is limited to collection and analysis of health data. Research of all kinds may involve the use or disclosure of your PHI. Your PHI can generally be used or disclosed for research without your permission if an Institutional Review Board (IRB) approves such use or disclosure. An IRB is a committee that is responsible, under federal law, for reviewing and approving human subjects research, to protect the safety of the participants and the confidentiality of PHI.
- Organ donation: We may use or disclose PHI to organ-procurement organizations to assist with organ, eye or other tissue donations.
- Public health activities: Public health activities cover many functions performed or authorized by government agencies to promote and protect the public's health and may require us to disclose your PHI.
- For example, we may disclose your PHI as part of our obligation to report to public health authorities certain diseases, injuries, conditions, and vital events such as births. Sometimes we may disclose your PHI to someone you may have exposed to a communicable disease or who may otherwise be at risk of getting or spreading the disease.
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for tracking and monitoring certain medical products, such as pacemakers and hip replacements, to identify product problems and failures and injuries they may have caused. If you have received one of these products, we may use and disclose your PHI to the FDA or other authorized persons or organizations, such as the maker of the product.
- We may use and disclose your PHI as necessary to comply with federal and state laws that govern workplace safety.
- Health oversight: As health care providers and health plans, we are subject to oversight conducted by federal and state agencies. These agencies may conduct audits of our operations and activities and in that process, they may review your PHI.
- Disclosures to your employer or your employee organization: If you are enrolled in Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of the Mid-Atlantic States, Inc. through your employer or employee organization, we may share certain PHI with them without your authorization, but only when allowed by law. For example, we may disclose your PHI for a workers' compensation claim or to determine whether you are enrolled in the plan or whether premiums have been paid on your behalf. For other purposes, such as for inquiries by your employer or employee organization on your behalf, we will obtain your authorization when necessary under applicable law.
- Workers' compensation: We may use or disclose your PHI in order to comply with workers’ compensation laws. For example, we may communicate your medical information regarding a work-related injury or illness to claims administrators, insurance carriers, and others responsible for evaluating your claim for workers' compensation benefits.
- Military activity and national security: We may sometimes use or disclose the PHI of armed forces personnel to the applicable military authorities when they believe it is necessary to properly carry out military missions. We may also disclose your PHI to authorized federal officials as necessary for national security and intelligence activities or for protection of the president and other government officials and dignitaries.
- Fundraising: We may use or disclose your demographic information and other limited PHI such as dates and where health care was provided, to certain organizations for the purpose of contacting you to raise funds for our organization. If we contact you for fundraising purposes, we will provide you with a clear opportunity to elect not to receive any further fundraising communications.
- Required by law: In some circumstances, federal or state law requires that we disclose your PHI to others. For example, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services or state regulatory agency may review our compliance efforts, which may include seeing your PHI.
- Lawsuits and other legal disputes: We may use and disclose PHI in responding to a court or administrative order, a subpoena, or a discovery request. We may also use and disclose PHI to the extent permitted by law without your authorization, for example, to defend a lawsuit or arbitration.
- Law enforcement: We may disclose PHI to authorized officials for law enforcement purposes, for example, to respond to a search warrant, report a crime on our premises, or help identify or locate someone.
- Serious threat to health or safety: We may use and disclose your PHI if we believe it is necessary to avoid a serious threat to your health or safety or to someone else's.
- Abuse or neglect: By law, we may disclose PHI to the appropriate authority to report suspected child abuse or neglect or to identify suspected victims of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence.
- Coroners and funeral directors: We may disclose PHI to a coroner or medical examiner to permit identification of a body, determine cause of death, or for other official duties. We may also disclose PHI to funeral directors.
- Inmates: Under the federal law that requires us to give you this notice, inmates do not have the same rights to control their PHI as other individuals. If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or in the custody of a law enforcement official, we may disclose your PHI to the correctional institution or the law enforcement official for certain purposes, for example, to protect your health or safety or someone else's.
VI. ALL OTHER USES AND DISCLOSURES OF YOUR PHI REQUIRE YOUR PRIOR WRITTEN AUTHORIZATION
Except for those uses and disclosures described above, we will not use or disclose your PHI without your written authorization. Some instances in which we may request your authorization for use or disclosure of PHI are:
- Marketing: We may ask for your authorization in order to provide information about products and services that you may be interested in purchasing or using. Note that marketing communications do not include our contacting you with information about treatment alternatives, prescription drugs you are taking or health-related products or services that we offer or that are available only to our health plan enrollees. Marketing also does not include any face-to-face discussions you may have with your providers about products or services.
- Sale of PHI: We may only sell your PHI if we received your prior written authorization to do so.
- Psychotherapy Notes: On rare occasions, we may ask for your authorization to use and disclose “psychotherapy notes”. Federal privacy law defines “psychotherapy notes” very specifically to mean notes made by a mental health professional recording conversations during private or group counseling sessions that are maintained separately from the rest of your medical record. Generally, we do not maintain psychotherapy notes, as defined by federal privacy law.
When your authorization is required and you authorize us to use or disclose your PHI for some purpose, you may revoke that authorization by notifying us in writing at any time. Please note that the revocation will not apply to any authorized use or disclosure of your PHI that took place before we received your revocation. Also, if you gave your authorization to secure a policy of insurance, including health care coverage from us, you may not be permitted to revoke it until the insurer can no longer contest the policy issued to you or a claim under the policy.
VII. HOW TO CONTACT US ABOUT THIS NOTICE OR TO COMPLAIN ABOUT OUR PRIVACY PRACTICES
If you have any questions about this notice, or want to lodge a complaint about our privacy practices, please let us know by calling or writing to Kaiser Permanente Member Services, 2101 East Jefferson Street, Rockville, Maryland 20852. Member Services: (301) 468-6000, 1-800-777-7902 (Toll free outside the Washington metro calling area), TTY (301) 879-6380. You also may notify the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services.
We will not take retaliatory action against you if you file a complaint about our privacy practices.
VIII. CHANGES TO THIS NOTICE
We may change this notice and our privacy practices at any time, as long as the change is consistent with state and federal law. Any revised notice will apply both to the PHI we already have about you at the time of the change, and any PHI created or received after the change takes effect. If we make an important change to our privacy practices, we will promptly change this notice and make the new notice available on our member Web site at www.kp.org/privacy. Except for changes required by law, we will not implement an important change to our privacy practices before we revise this notice.
IX. EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS NOTICE
This notice is effective on September 23, 2013.