Vaginismus: Care Instructions

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Vaginismus is a spasm of the muscles around the opening to the vagina. This spasm can make sex painful and even impossible.

Your doctor may do tests to see what is causing the spasms. Treatment may include counseling. And you may get training on how to relax or stretch out your muscles. These treatments can help reduce pain during sex.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Follow any directions your doctor gives you on how to widen, or dilate, your vaginal opening.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have new or worse belly or pelvic pain.
  • You have severe vaginal bleeding.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • You have unusual vaginal bleeding.
  • You do not get better as expected.

The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.