Hypoparathyroidism is a condition caused by poor functioning of the
parathyroid glands, which are the small glands that are located next to the
thyroid gland in the neck. The parathyroid glands release a substance called
parathyroid hormone that helps control the amount of calcium in the
When the parathyroid glands do not produce enough hormone, the
amount of calcium in the blood decreases. Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism
include uncontrolled, painful movements (spasms) of the face, hands, and feet;
Treatment may include an injection of calcium to provide immediate
relief, as well as lifelong supplements of calcium and vitamin D
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
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