Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the term for severe birth
defects caused by heavy alcohol use (5 or more drinks on at least one occasion)
Children with FAS may have:
Distinctive facial features, which include a
small head, flat face, narrow eye openings (slits), a short upturned nose, a
flattened groove between the nose and the upper lip (philtrum), and a thin
weight and slowed growth.
Central nervous system abnormalities, including small
head size, intellectual disability, poor fine motor skills, or poor eye-hand
Behavior and thinking (cognitive) problems, which may
include poor attention, concentration, memory, and comprehension skills;
difficulty with math skills; hyperactivity; and extreme mood changes.
A child with FAS may also have birth defects that involve
the eyes, ears, heart, urinary tract, or bones.
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Ernest L. Abel, PhD - Reproductive Toxicology
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