Aplastic anemia is a rare condition in which the bone marrow is
unable to produce blood cells normally. The production of just some blood cells
(such as red blood cells only) may be affected, or the production of all types
of blood cells may be decreased.
Symptoms of aplastic anemia
Fatigue, weakness, or lack of
Headaches or breathing problems that occur after
Infections that keep returning or are more severe than
Frequent nosebleeds or bleeding under the skin.
Causes of aplastic anemia can include:
Exposure to poisonous (toxic)
Certain medicines, such as medicines taken to treat
Radiation treatments that destroy the bone
Certain viral infections.
Aplastic anemia sometimes develops for no known
In some cases, a person may need blood transfusions until
his or her bone marrow is able to produce blood cells. In other cases, a person
may need a bone marrow transplant. If the cause is an autoimmune disease, medicines to reduce the damage to the bone marrow may be used.
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & David Messenger, MD & Brian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC - Hematology
The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.