Prenatal vitamins/minerals/omega-3 fatty acids - oral
VP-CH-PNV 30 mg iron-1 mg-50 mg-260 mg capsule
Accidental overdose of iron-containing products is a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children younger than 6 years. Keep this product out of reach of children. If overdose does occur, seek immediate medical attention or call a poison control center.
This medication is a multivitamin, mineral, and fatty acid product used to treat or prevent vitamin deficiency before, during, and after pregnancy. Vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids are important building blocks of the body and help keep you in good health.
This combination product also contains iron and folic acid. Women of childbearing age should maintain adequate levels of folic acid either through diet or supplements to prevent infant spinal cord defects in the developing baby.
Take this medication by mouth, usually once or twice daily or as directed by your doctor. Follow all directions on the product package, or take as directed by your doctor. If you are taking the powder form of this medication, mix in water as directed before swallowing. If you are taking the delayed-release form of this medication, do not crush or chew. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. If you are taking the chewable form of this medication, chew thoroughly and then swallow.
This medication is best taken on an empty stomach 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Take with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. If stomach upset occurs, you may take this medication with food. Avoid taking antacids, dairy products, tea, or coffee within 2 hours before or after this medication because they will decrease its effectiveness. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this medication. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for details for your particular brand.
Take this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.
Constipation, diarrhea, or upset stomach may occur. These effects are usually temporary and may disappear as your body adjusts to this medication. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Iron may cause your stools to turn black, an effect that is not harmful.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur:
- easy bleeding/bruising
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
- itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
- severe dizziness
- trouble breathing
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to any of its ingredients; or to fish or soy/peanut found in some brands; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before taking this medication, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have:
- iron overload disorder (e.g., hemochromatosis, hemosiderosis)
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:
- use/abuse of alcohol
- liver problems
- stomach/intestinal problems (e.g., ulcer, colitis)
- vitamin B12 deficiency (pernicious anemia)
- bleeding disorders
This medication is safe to take during pregnancy when used as directed.
This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
See also How To Use section.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this medication include:
- certain anti-seizure drugs (e.g., phenytoin)
- other vitamin/nutritional supplements
This product can decrease the absorption of other drugs such as bisphosphonates (e.g., alendronate), levodopa, penicillamine, quinolone antibiotics (e.g., ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin), thyroid medications (e.g., levothyroxine), and tetracycline antibiotics (e.g., doxycycline, minocycline). Therefore, separate your doses of these medications as far as possible from your doses of this product. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how long you should wait between doses and for help finding a dosing schedule that will work with all your medications.
If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Do not share this medication with others.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood count, vitamin B12 levels) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
Some brands of prenatal vitamins also contain ingredients such as calcium, zinc, iodine, or docusate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about the ingredients in your brand.
This product is not a substitute for a proper diet. Remember that it is best to get your vitamins and minerals from healthy foods. Maintain a well-balanced diet and follow any dietary guidelines as directed by your doctor.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.
Information last revised June 2018.
Copyright(c) 2018 First Databank, Inc.
Selected from NATIONAL DRUG DATA FILE (NDDF) data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc., 2019. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider.
The above information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your health care professional. You should consult your health care professional before taking any drug, changing your diet, or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.