Cancer types A to Z

Blackberries

Most cancers are named after the body part or cell where it started, for example, cancer that begins in the stomach is called stomach cancer.

Cancers are also grouped into larger categories:

  • Carcinomas begin in the skin or tissues that line or cover internal organs.
  • Central nervous system cancers begin in the brain or spinal cord.
  • Leukemia begins in tissues that make blood cells, like bone marrow.
  • Lymphomas and myelomas begin in the immune system.
  • Sarcomas begin in bone, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or cartilage.

Learn about other types of cancer not listed below (including rare types of cancer) in our health encyclopedia, which includes information from the National Cancer Institute and the National Organization of Rare Disorders.

* Source: National Cancer InstituteKaiser Permanente is not responsible for the content or policies of external Internet sites, or mobile apps.

Reviewed by Kaiser Permanente in 2018

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