Adult asthma plan


Breathe easier

When it comes to preventing asthma flare-ups, you’re in charge. Asthma is different for different people, so you and your doctor need to determine the best way for you to manage your own asthma.

Working with your doctor

photo of a smiling doctorPeople who have asthma manage it more successfully when they’re actively working with their doctors to control their symptoms. Your doctor can help you make an asthma action plan (PDF) that tells you how to care for your asthma at home.

Haven’t seen your doctor within the past year? Make an appointment. Don’t have a doctor? Use our doctors and locations search to find one. You can also take a class to get support and help, too.

Follow your plan

It’s important to be aware of your breathing on a daily basis, so you’ll know when a flare-up may be coming on, and take your medications as prescribed: 

  • Use your metered-dose inhaler (MDI) properly, so that you get the most benefit from your medication. 
  • If exercise triggers your asthma, talk to your physician about using medicine before you start, so you can stay active without worrying about flare-ups.
  • If your doctor has created an asthma action plan for you, follow it closely. An asthma action plan contains three colored zones, like the colors of a stop light.  If you are in the green zone, your asthma is well controlled. Yellow zone means you are losing control, and red zone means you are having an asthma attack.

Reduce your risks

The best cure for flare-ups is prevention. Here are some ways to stop flare-ups before they start:

Reviewed by: Patricia McNally, MD, November 2018