Preventing HIV in babies

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If you're HIV positive and pregnant, your doctor will recommend treatment for you and your baby.

Babies and HIV

Even when babies test negative for HIV at birth, they may have been exposed to HIV during birth. They can also get HIV through breast milk, so you shouldn't breastfeed your baby.

Early treatment is key

Early treatment can keep your baby from getting the HIV virus. Be sure he or she gets all the tests your doctor recommends.

Your doctor will recommend medicines for your baby, Mother and baby who will need to be treated for 6 weeks after delivery. Give your baby all medicines exactly as prescribed.

Call your doctor if you have problems giving him or her any medicine, or if you notice side effects from the medicine, such as skin rash, fever, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, or trouble breathing.

Follow-up care

Follow-up care is a key part of your baby's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if your child is having problems. Know your child's test results and keep a list of his or her medicines. 

Reviewed by: Michael A. Horberg, MD, October 2018 

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