Signs and symptoms
Early signs of schizophrenia include:
- doing worse in school or at work
- thinking that people are out to get you
- having changes in your thoughts or feelings or attitudes, such as not wanting to see other people
These early signs don't necessarily mean you have schizophrenia. Many of the symptoms can be caused by other things, such as other medical problems, stress, grief, medicine side effects, or lack of sleep.
Symptoms of schizophrenia may also include:
- inability to enjoy life, express emotions, or function
- hearing voices
- behaving strangely
- trouble speaking or understanding speech
- avoiding contact with others
The goal of treatment is to lower your stress and help your brain function normally.
You may need lifelong treatment. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives.
Researchers are developing more effective medications and using new research tools to understand the causes of schizophrenia. In the years to come, this work may help prevent and better treat the illness.