Esophageal cancer

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Esophageal cancer is a growth of abnormal cells in the esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. People who regularly use tobacco and drink alcohol increase their risk for this form of cancer.

Symptoms include difficulty swallowing and weight loss. Also, hoarseness, chest or back pain, or coughing when swallowing may occur. The person may spit up or vomit bloody mucus.

Treatment may include any combination of surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.




The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description. For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider.